Areas of concern and their appropriate rectifying procedures are also taken into account. Environmental and health hazards in spinning industry and their control CD Kane" Textile & Engineering Institute, Raj wada, Ichalkaranji 416115, India Various aspects of environmental and health hazards in cotton spinning industries have been discussed and the measures to reduce the risk of health hazards, to a great extent, in cotton textile mills are suggested. Result of the addition of chemicals is the net increase in the dissolved constituents in the wastewater. The handles do not have holds to fasten when not in use, leaving scope for handles dropping on foot. Approach to Hazard Control in Iron and Steel Industry: 1. The provision of audio signals to warn workers working near the calenders, drying ranges, stenters etc. 1. However, there could be interference in the operation with such devices and calls for detailed examination in locating them on the machine at an appropriate place. It is used in food and is chemically inert-and non-toxic and is allowed under global organic Textile standard. Till such time employing trained personnel on these machines is essential. Working with sizing machines involves nip at the squeeze rollers and drag rollers. Safety has great impact on apparel productivity. Noise is the main hazard in textile industry. Among many pollution-creating industries, textile has a larger share in terms of its impact with regard to noise, air, and effluent. -- Flax/Linen Fiber – the cellulose bast fibers, Sisal Fibers – Natural Cellulose Leaf Fibers from…, Advancements in Fabric Weaving Technologies, Comparison of Cleaning Treatments for Conservation and…, How to Choose a Sewing Machine: Top Tips for a Newbie…, 3 Things to Look for in Your First Sewing Machine, Tips For Looking After Organic Cotton Clothes, Containerization and dispatch of textile goods, Banana Fibers – Natural Plant/Bast Fibers, Eco-Friendly Upholstery Fabric: Going green with upholstery…, Multi-Layer Fabrics: the art of weaving several layers in a…. © 2017 EnvironmentalPollution - All rights reserved, Hazards and Its Control in Textile Industry, Hazards and their Control in Iron and Steel Industry | Business, Environmental Hazards: Classification of Environmental Hazards and Disasters. He has expertise in ISO/IEC 17025 auditing and is a Technical Expert, GOTS and OCS audit, under NABCB, Govt of India. All instrumentation and safety gadgets must be examined periodically for their reliability. These include colour, metals, phenols, certain surfactants, toxic organic compounds, pesticides, as well as phosphates. Processing of fibres likely to accumulate static charges should be carried out under effective grounding, bonding and antistatic controls to prevent accumulation of static charge. Management of various textile wastes is also mentioned in this paper. Florian Kraugmann 14.02.2017 Seite 2 Introduction Hazards arising from current flowing through the human body Examples of “unacceptable” and “acceptable” situations Fig. Shastree, N. K., Environmental Resource Management, Noise Pollution: Standards and Control, Anmol Publication Pvt. In the polymerising range it is absolutely necessary to provide an interlocking device to ensure that the exhaust fans are on before any fabric is fed into the chamber. There are as much as thirty handlings not considering the number of times an empty container roll or beam is handled. They include is chemical exposure, exposure of cotton dust, organic dust and noise exposure. These are removed in the membrane process such as reverse osmosis, which is suitable for removing high salt concentrations so that the treated effluent can be re-used again in the processing. Hazards caused by electricity Electrical Hazards, Dipl.-Ing. It is necessary to consider the sizing cylinders, kiers and to some extent calenders and drying range as pressure vessels though the pressure ranges are not very significant, all tests and examination are to be carried out to ensure their safe performance. Generally the concentration of the process liquid does not exceed safe concentration levels. Hazards in Textile Industry are varied and encompasses many aspects, like hazards related to machinery, handling of materials including chemicals, use of pressure vessels, fire hazards and overall working environment. Air-Flow Dyeing – an Eco-friendly water preserving fabric dyeing technology, Nanotechnology Benefits in Fabric Formation, Properties of Vegetable/Plant/Cellulosic fibres, Costing for setting up a spinning plant/factory. Measure work environment issues such that sound, warmth, illumination humidity. It is essential that the siphoning systems on these cylinders are maintained well to deliver out the water condensed and prevent any damage of these cylinders. Prabhaka, V. K., Environmental Noise Pollution, Nature of Noise, Anmol Publications Pvt. In the combers there is enough scope to provide at least a hinged transparent sheet or such, so that no contact with the rotating segment, the nipper or the gripper is possible. Respiratory and skin sensitisers can be found in the textiles industry, for example textiles fibres, reactive dyes, synthetic fibres, and formaldehyde. Opinions differ as to the exact location/position of these photoelectric devices. Prominent parameters and the possible package of corrective measures are highlighted. 1. At present, he is working as a Professor (Fashion Technology), Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Erode District, Tamil Nadu, India. The equipments are sometimes heavy to move, the wheels and rollers are placed outside the platforms allowing for run overs. Drafting zones on the draw frame could be covered with total enclosures as is already available on some machines. There is a need to ensure that these enclosures are well interlocked to stop the machine when enclosures are opened. Examples of hazardous substances in the Textile Industry Principles Fig. Three types of process are normally used for the treatment and recycling of effluent from the textile industry. These wastes sometimes can be reduced by recycling or reuse as well as by process and equipment modifications. He has written 6 international books on apparel, home textiles, and product safety. So, safeguarding them from dangers, hazards, unfavorable environment, injuries, toxic agents, chemicals, fire etc. (The stripping roller is thrown out if the ropes break during this operation.). It is also to be kept in mind that any broken glass pane on windows with its sharp edge form a prismatic effect converging sun rays on to the cotton bales and could be a source of ignition. In sizing section 5-10 cubic meter effluent is exhaust … INTRODUCTION A textile industry in India plays an important role The removal is a function of entrapment within a voluminous precipitate consisting primarily of the coagulant itself. All these contribute to almost 10-15% of accidents in textile mill. MAJOR SAFETY AND HEALTH ISSUES Protection systems are not substitutes for well-designed and well-maintained detection, warning and shutdown systems. These processes offer a good pre-treatment to the downstream biological and membrane processes. DOI link for Pollution Control in Textile Industry. There are many accidents arising each year from the exposure to chemicals used in textile mills. Several studies have showed an increased risk of nasal, laryngeal and bladder cancer in women. Although inhaling cotton dust was identified as a source of respiratory disease more than 300 years ago, byssinosis has been recognized as an occupational hazard for textile workers for less than 50 years. Hazard Possible Cause Control Measure 1. The shuttle which is to fly from one end to other on a loom, could fly out of its parts for varied reasons. The textile industry has been evaluated as a sector with an increased carcinogenic risk. Detect unsafe working condition in the Textile industries. This stripping operation should necessarily be done by well-trained men, with reliable ropes on the stripping roller. While no suitable preventive measures are coming up, employing skilled operators on these machines is essential. The new open-end spinning system with its limitation has eliminated two to three steps of the entire spinning preparatory operation and therefore has significantly reduced the number of accidents. These cutters can be covered using transparent cover. The common practice is that trolleys and carts are overloaded even to the extent of obstructing onward vision which should be avoided. He has over 32 years of experience in production, quality assurance, technical and social compliance audit and R&D in reputed industries in India and Bangladesh. These shuttle guards (fits on the sley) are to be set over the race board so that while the crank shaft is between the bottom and back centre, the guard leaves no gap enough for the shuttle to fly out upwards. Ecological degradation happens in natural fiber right from cultivation to finishing of the ultimate product. eBook Published 26 October 2017 . The electrical panels switch boards and other electrical equipments are also accumulated with dust and needs attention. This prevents the stationary fabric undergoing singeing from being ignited. Now, looking at the rotating beaters in the blow-room, the three wire clothed cylinders, the lickerin, the cylinder and the doffer of the carding machine and the comber segment of the comber all of these could cause all severe accidents, if contacted while in motion. Observations and proper setting of looms at frequent intervals will prevent shuttle fly. This is achieved biologically wherein bacteria are used to convert the colloidal and dissolved carbonaceous organic matter into various gases and into cell tissue. Problems and Success factor of Ring Spinning, An exclusive information portal on textiles. Purpose: The present work attempts to measure and develop OSHMS which reduce the hazards and risk involved in textile industry. Dr Subrata Das has a graduation degree in Textile Technology from Government College of Engineering and Textile Technology, Serampore, West Bengal, India. … Pollution Control in Textile Industry book. He has Masters and a PhD degree from I.I.T., Delhi, India. While nothing definite has been established on the adverse health effects of the finished dyestuffs, it is advisable the dyes are handled with care while preparing liquors and pastes. are benchmarked so as to ensure that the effluent water before being released into city sewage, stream, river or sea is not harmful to human, animal or plant life. Based on studies carried out it is learnt that unsafe conditions contribute to almost half the total accidents occurring in a textile mill. Mukherjee, A. K., "Pollution Control in Man-made Fibre Industry", A bilateral symposium on Eco-friendly Textile Processing (India and Japan), IIT Delhi, 6-7 November 1995. [15]. Textile industry consumes a large number of chemicals in the processing and manufacturing of textiles, especially the wet processing of textiles. Uncontrollable exposure to high risky dyestuffs is clearly potential as probably baleful to health. are very important. The impact on the environment of such kind of wastes is significant. Ltd., New Delhi, 1997. Buyers are eco-conscious on product, processes and disposal. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Coming to mechanical handling it will be appreciated that the designs of many of the trolleys and trucks have been crude. Many of these are small businesses. These include water from preparation and dyeing stages, alkaline wastes from the preparation, salt, cutting room waste, knitting oils and warp sizes. Shuttle fly is a frequent occurrence and could result in severe injuries. It is therefore necessary to briefly review a few important machines in each of the sections. All these have contributed for difficulties in use of these equipment. Use of naked flames for soldering and welding on the shop-floor should be under permit and supervision. 4. It is also desirable to store in isolation, freshly dyed fabrics as they could ignited due to spontaneous ignition. Even the . Business, Industries, Textile Industry, Hazards, Hazards and Its Control in Textile Industry, Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us. Thus, the textile industry cannot ignore the environmental impact of its activities. Pub. In this paper, pollution arising out of noise and air is discussed. Thus to keep a check on the direction of shuttle flying out, a shuttle guard is provided. They include metal, chlorinated solvents, non-degradable surfactants and other non-biodegradable or volatile organic materials. 9 by F. Kraugmann . Major sources are: A prominent source of dispersible wastes in textile wet processing is the following: Print paste, lint, coating operation, solvent, waste stream from continuous dyeing, printing, finishing etc. In this paper, pollution arising out of noise and air is discussed. need to fulfil the statutory requirements as applicable to bulk storage. The present designs of the machines have not come with covers or photoelectric devices to prevent access to the flyers. location New York . A list of safety appliances needed for doing the job safely is listed up. The site is intended for all spectrum of users to learn and share the textile knowledge from a single platform. Physico-chemical processes remove suspended and colloidal impurities, to coagulate and flocculate reactively, disperse and vat dyes and to facilitate their removal by sedimentation. Textile industry of contributes to the growth of Indian economy but it fails to foster education and health as key components of human development and help new democracies. Textile School incorporates knowledge associated to textiles right from fibers to its end usage including textile processes, trade-offs, know-how and textile standards. Guards on drag rollers are essential in view of their accessibility. Areas of concern and their appropriate rectifying procedures are also taken into account. Occupational health is an important concern of the working person. Various parameters such as turbidity, acidity, alkalinity, total dissolved solids, BOD, metal content, toxic substances etc. The storage areas of the fuel oil for boilers etc. Professor (Fashion Technology) Many times this is tampered with. There is thus, a need to have a look on the occupational health of workers so that they can remain healthy and perform the task carefully. These wastes originate often from non-process operations, such as machine cleaning. Many a time arguments are put up to say that any guard attempted at such points would interfere into the working of the rollers. But it is, at least possible to provide mesh covers with interlock on some of the rollers in the blow-room machinery. Pollution Control in Textile Industry book. This reduces the quantum of the volatile solvent available in the chamber. In the warping machine (excepting the old versions), photoelectric devices have been provided in place of the swing bar guards. To identify the effects of different occupational exposures and accidents on human health. To find out the Hazards in the Textile and know about the accurate control measure. These are physicochemical, biological and membrane process. Principles Hierarchy and principles of protective measures Chemical Hazards, Dipl.-Ing. Your email address will not be published. Consumer awareness of the environmental issue is on the rise. If the hazard you've identified can't be eliminated, follow the hierarchy of controls to select the next-best control to mitigate the risk of an accident, incident, injury, or near-miss in the laboratory.. There are numerous factors which constitute safety risks for employees, such as heavy machinery, electrical material which may cause electrical hazards, ill-maintained equipment, etc. The supply of safety data sheets in respect of the substances handled should be made available to the personnel handling them. 1 by F. Kraugmann. The choice between activ… The noise pollution ( Regulation and control ) rule 2000 in industrial area was 75db at Day Time [6 AM to 10 AM] and Night time [10 PM to 6 AM].The fire accidents occurs in textile mills are often. Lamps used to prevent lapping or warming up could ignite fibres accumulated over it and later setting it to fly around will also be a source of ignition. Because the cell tissue has a specific gravity slightly greater than that of water, removal from the treated effluent is facilitated under gravity.  Biologically treated effluent contains dissolved salts and residual impurities that have passed through the previous processes. 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